Glossary Of Terms
Adrenocorticotropic hormone - Also known as ACTH, this hormone is responsible for activating the production of the stress hormone, cortisol, in the adrenal gland.
Amino acids -This term is used to refer to the structures within the body that work as building blocks to form short polymer chains which are responsible for building proteins within the human body. An amino acid may either be essential or non-essential. Essential amino acids are incapable of being produced inside the human body and must be obtained from natural sources, such as food. Non-essential amino acids are produced within the body.
Congenital -Any type of disorder that is present at birth is referred to by this term. The disorder may be recognized immediately at birth, or may take several months or years in order to be noticed. On the mild end of the spectrum, a congenital disorder may be as minor as a birthmark. Other congenital disorders are life threatening.
Cortisol -Refers to a hormone that is synthesized in the cortex of the adrenal glands. The amount and levels of this hormone present within the body have been linked to depression and how the body handles stress. Cortisol is released at the same time as many other hormones, generally at specific intervals, and most often at night along with other hormones that are handled by the pituitary gland.
Hormones -Refers to a chemical messenger that is produced by the endocrine glands and secreted directly into the bloodstream. Hormones are moved throughout the body to the cells and sites for which they are responsible by the body’s circulatory system. Hormones are responsible for a number and wide variety of specific body functions as well as regulate the release and control of other hormones within the body.
Human growth hormone -The human growth hormone is also known as somatropin and this is the generic name under which the therapy is marketed for prescriptions. The term human growth hormone can either refer to the hormone which is produced naturally within the human body or the synthetic versions which are now marketed under the FDA approved injectable therapies as well as the homeopathic therapy versions.
Hypothalamus -The region of the brain located directly below the thalamus; regulates certain metabolic processes as well as links the nervous system to the endocrine system. Synthesizes and secretes hormones to other parts of the body.
Hypopituitarism- A medical term describing a situation where the body is deficient in one or more hormones that are produced by the pituitary gland.
Pituitary gland- Located at the base of the brain and has the responsibility for controlling numerous body functions and processes including growth, blood pressure, the production of breast milk in lactating females, sex organ function in both males and females, thyroid gland functions, the conversion of food into energy; otherwise known as metabolism and the appropriate balance of water within the body.
Endocrine -Refers to the system in the body that holds the responsibility for secreting the hormones that are responsible for major other functions throughout the humanbody. .
IGF-1- An IGF is an insulin like growth factor which can trigger cellular like responses in the body such as insulin. IGFI is secreted by the liver and is controlled by the human growth hormone. All cells in the body, including muscles, bones, cartilage, tendons, skin, kidney and lungs are effected by IGF-1. It is also believed to regulate cell growth and development.
Lutenizing hormone -Stimulates the production of sex hormones.
Recombinant DNA – This is the term that is used to refer to the human sequence growth hormone that is an exact copy of the amino acid sequence of human growth hormone. At one time, the only alternative for providing human growth hormone therapy was to obtain the necessary hormone from the pituitary glands of cadavers during autopsy procedures. That practice was done away with in 1985 and soon after the FDA approved the synthetic version of the human growth hormone.
Somatomedin -Another name for IGF-1